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Tu-160

Ту-160
Development: Tupolev Design Bureau
Maiden flight: 1981
The design phase: Modernization

The Tu-160 bomber is designed for the destruction of critical installations in remote areas and in the deep rear of continental theaters. It is the largest supersonic aircraft in the history of military aviation, a variable-sweep wing aircraft, as well as the heaviest warplane in the world, which has the largest maximum take-off weight among all bombers.

This aircraft is an intercontinental strategic multi-modal missile-launching aircraft armed with long-range cruise missiles. The Design Bureau started working on this project in the early 1970s. The design concept for the airplane and its systems was developed by the mid-1970s. The first flight of the test airplane was operated on December 18, 1981, by test pilot B. Veremey. Tests of the first production airplane started in October 1984. Initially, Tu-160s were received by an active long-range aviation unit based in the Ukrainian Republic of the USSR in April 1987. In total, 36 Tu-160 airplanes had been produced by the early 2000s.

Historyhttp://uacrussia.ru/en/aircraft/lineup/military/tu-160/#history

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