The IL-76MD-90A airplane has been derived from the design of the production IL-76MD to further improve airplanes of this type and broaden their transportation capabilities through the modernization of their wings and installation of more powerful, efficient, and quiet PS-90A-76 engines instead of D-30KP-2 engines. The IL-76MD-90A is intended for paradropping and the delivery of military personnel, military equipment, goods, fuel, and containers.
Prior versions of heavy military transport aircraft in the IL-76 family were produced at Tashkent Aircraft Plant. The IL company designed an upgraded version of the IL-76MD-90A with more powerful and efficient engines, new wings, reinforced landing gear, renovated avionics, and flight decks.
Pursuant to a Resolution by the Russian Government, production of the new version was assigned to Aviastar-SP aircraft company, which started preparations for their production capacity in 2009.
The roll-out of the first airplane took place in December 2011, and the first flight of IL-76MD-90A was completed on September 22, 2012. The airplane was piloted by a crew captained by Honored Test Pilot of the Russian Federation, Hero of Russia Nikolay Kuimov.
A tanker aircraft and an aircraft with a long-range radar detection and control system were also developed based on the new IL-76 version.
Modified IL-76MD-90A airplanes meet the noise requirements of Chapter 4 of ICAO Annex 16, as well as effective emissions standards. This, along with RNP-1’s flight navigation capability, has enabled expansion of the IL-76MD-90A’s area of operations, both in domestic and international airlines.
The flight crew compartment and airborne equipment have been completely modernized. Up-to-date flight control and navigation equipment is used in the airplane. Six multi-function digital displays are arranged on the instrument panel, which display all the information required to control the aircraft. The flight navigator’s station is equipped with a multi-function display that provides aeronautical information. Thus, a so called “glass cockpit” concept is implemented in the airplane, which reduces the crew’s workload and increases flight safety level.
All airplane modernization work, from initial designing to the manufacture of a flight model, was performed in digital format using up-to-date computer systems. All of the design and manufacturing process documentation for the product has been completely digitalized and is compatible with modern digital technology when used in production.
|Wing span, m||50.5|
|Wing area, m²||300|
|Fuselage diameter, m||04.авг|
|Power generator characteristics|
|Engines, number x type||4 x bypass turbofan engine|
|Engine model, kgf||PS-90A-76|
|Maximum thrust (ISA, H=0), kgf||16|
|Cruise speed, km/h||750–800|
|Flight altitude, m||9,100–12,100|
|Range with 52 t payload, km||5|
|Takeoff run, m||1,54|
|Landing roll, m||960|